Depression can affect anyone at any time. There are different levels of depression and many people who are depressed get better without medical intervention. However, sometimes the feelings of sadness and despair can get worse and may leave an individual feeling confused, helpless and anxious. A depressive illness can hit so severely that life no longer has any meaning. In such cases it is important to seek medical attention.
The different types of depression include:
Endogenous depression occurs for no obvious reason. It is not caused by a traumatic event or a period of extreme stress — it seems to come from ‘within’ a person and may be due to body chemistry. It could also be due to an incident in childhood, a bereavement or another unresolved trauma.
Exogenous Depression (‘Reactive Depression’)
Bipolar Disorder (‘Manic Depression’)
Manic depression is characterised by mood swings — from high (manic) mood to low (depressed) mood. An individual has periods where they feel happy followed by periods of depression. Someone with bipolar disorder should seek help from their GP.
Seasonal Depression (SAD — ‘Seasonal Affective Disorder’)
This type of depression is linked to the seasons, with the most common type occurring in the dark winter months. As the winter begins, people with SAD start to feel hopeless and despairing. Some people suffer from summer SAD and are adversely affected by the long summer days.
Perinatal Depression (‘Postnatal Depression’/‘Postpartum Depression’)
Perinatal depression occurs after childbirth, although it can also occur during pregnancy. It is caused by hormonal changes during pregnancy and these can trigger chemical changes in the brain. This can lead to mood swings and depression.
Major Depression (‘Major Depressive Disorder’)
People with major depression experience severe feelings of despair and despondency. Nothing gives them any joy and they have no interest in normal daily activities. They lack energy, find it hard to concentrate, have difficulty sleeping and are plagued by feelings of hopelessness and worthlessness. This type of depression usually requires medical intervention.
The most common symptoms of all types of depression include:
- feeling sad
- lack of appetite or overeating
- difficulty sleeping or sleeping too much
- lack of energy
- inability to concentrate
- lack of interest in things you used to enjoy
- social isolation
- withdrawal from family and friends
- feeling worthless or hopeless
- constantly worried or anxious
Depression Resource Packs
The depression topics we produce resources for include:
- Endogenous depression
- Exogenous depression
- Bipolar disorder
- Seasonal depression
- Teenage depression
- Symptoms of depression
We publish depression resources that support schools by providing help and information in an educational format. Our resource packs cover the details in a delicate way that informs as well as educates.
Teaching students about depression can be a difficult task. Our aim is to produce resource packs that deal with the issues in a way that respects the privacy of anyone going through these issues.